Early childhood traumatic brain injuries: effects on development and interventions

  • Many childhood disabilities are attributed to traumatic brain injuries (TBI). This study compared developmental outcomes (communication, gross motor, problem-solving, and personal social domain) between children with mild, complicated mild/moderate and severe TBI (n=123) versus those who had orthopedic surgery (OI; n=45) over 36 months post-injury.
  • At post-injury status, there was no difference in developmental outcomes between children with mild or complicated mild/moderate TBI and those with OI across the Ages & Stages Questionnaire-3. Children with severe TBI performed poorly for all developmental areas with little progress of recovery over time.
  • According to the authors, children with severe TBI face greater challenges with development after injury. Early childhood intervention is necessary to support young survivors and their families post-injury.